The cost effectiveness of milling makes it a popular procedure for removing recyclable material, while also preparing the existing pavement to be reworked. The process involves removing the damaged top layer of asphalt and replacing it with new pavement. 100% of this removed material, known as reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP
), is crushed and recycled to be used as gravel for future projects. When this gravel is placed, it binds and hardens over time to create a stable base for new asphalt or concrete. In most cases, RAP provides better water resistance than standard gravel and reduces dust when used as the finish surface.